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Usage

Operation

Online Help

To view this online help from the Simulator press F1.

By default, the Simulator uses the Mozilla Web Browser to display the on-line help. If you have not installed it on your system, the Simulator will automatically choose another browser. You can also specify your preferred browser in the Preferences dialogue box.

Using the Mouse

Each key on the real HP-15C has three functions, a primary function in white, and two secondary functions in gold and blue. Pressing the key itself calls the primary function. To call a secondary function you press one of the two shift keys f or g, followed by the key with the secondary function. The Simulator behaves in exactly the same way if you click the buttons with the mouse.

On the Simulator, you can access the secondary functions also directly by clicking on the gold and blue labels. You do not need to click the f or g button before. This behaviour can be switched off in the Preferences dialogue.

When you move the mouse over a gold or blue label, the label becomes highlighted, i.e. the foreground and the background colour are exchanged. If a shift key is active, an "f" or a "g" is shown in the status line of the display, and the highlighting is active only for corresponding functions. The highlighting can be switched off in the Preferences dialogue. Highlighting is always off if the direct access to the secondary functions is switched off.

If you click on a gold label while the blue functions are active, indicated by the letter "g" in the display, the blue function is called and not the gold one you clicked. The sequence g →H.MS will therefore not call the function →H.MS but →H. The behaviour is the same if the gold functions are active and you click on a blue label.

In general, clicking on any of the three parts of a Simulator button while a secondary function indicator is shown in the display will call the corresponding secondary function of that button.

Using the Keyboard

Each Simulator button is mapped to a single keyboard key (see section Keyboard). Pressing the keyboard key has the same effect as clicking the button with the mouse. This allows it to use the Simulator in almost the same way as the real HP-15C. For example, the SIN button is mapped to key S; thus, pressing S will compute the sine of the value in the display. To compute the inverse sine you can either click SIN-1 or key in the sequence G S on the PC keyboard.

On the real HP-15C only two keys, SST and BST in PRGM mode, have auto-repeat functionality. On the Simulator the auto-repeat functionality depends on the operating system.

Exceptions from this rule are:

These keys behave differently for the <KeyPress> (<ButtonPress>) and the <KeyRelease> (<ButtonRelease>) events, and therefore have no auto-repeat functionality. See the keyboard page for a detailed description.

Combining Mouse and Keyboard

Mouse and keyboard operations can be mixed without any limitation. Let us assume you typed in a time value as a decimal number. To convert this value into hours, minutes, and seconds, the HP-15C provides the function →H.MS. Each of the following mouse/keyboard sequences will call this function:

F 2 f 2
f →H.MS
F 2 f 2 →H.MS (click on the gold label, when direct access is turned on)

Abbreviated Keyboard Sequences

Like the real HP-15C, the Simulator allows abbreviated key sequences for some of the gold secondary functions. In general, the f key is obsolete when it follows another prefix key in a key sequence. For example, the sequence f LBL f A can be keyed in as f LBL A and the sequence STO f RAN # can be abbreviated to STO RAN #.

Clipboard

The contents of the X register can be copied to, and set from, the clipboard with the standard keyboard shortcuts CtrlC and CtrlV.

When you copy a number to the clipboard, its internal representation is used, not the one shown on the display. Assume you set the display format to fixed format with two decimal places (f FIX 2). If you key in the number 4567,105 and press ENTER, it is being displayed as 4.567,11. The number becomes rounded to two decimal places and a digit separator is added. Internally the number is stored in the form 4567.105, without digit separators, and with a period for the decimal point and all decimal places.

By default, the Simulator uses the same character, period or comma, as decimal point as in the display. To allow different settings for the clipboard and the display, you can force the usage of "C locale" for the clipboard (see Preferences). In the above example the number will either be copied as 4567,105 (period is a comma) or as 4567.105 (period is a point), depending on the current settings.

When a number is pasted from the clipboard, the format is detected by the following actions:

At first, any character at the beginning and the end of the clipboard data that can not be part of a number, is removed:

The right most comma or period is taken as the decimal point. Any other comma, period, blank or hyphen is treated as a digit separator:

Continuous Memory

When the real HP-15C is turned off, the memory content is preserved in its Continuous Memory. The Simulator mimics this behaviour by writing the memory to a file when it is `turned off´.

The name and directory of the memory file depend on the operating system. While the name is fixed, the directory is derived from environment variables:

OS Variable File name
UNIX/Linux/Mac OS X $HOME .hp-15c.mem
Windows XP/Vista/7/8 $APPDATA HP-15C.mem

At start-up the Simulator checks for a memory file and tries to load it. If no file is found, all registers are set to zero and all status settings are set to their default value. If an existing file can not be read in, an error is reported and the default settings are used.

To save the memory manually, press CtrlM. To reload the previously saved memory, press CtrlL.

The following items are saved in the memory file:

Some statuses are not saved, and are reset to their default value every time the Simulator is started:

Modes

The HP-15C has two main modes: Run mode and PRGM mode. Run mode is the normal operation mode where you can do all your calculations. PRGM mode is used to enter programs, which can then be executed in Run mode. After the HP-15C is turned on, it is in Run mode.

You can also choose between the Real mode and the Complex mode. By default, the HP-15C is in the Real mode.

Run/PRGM mode and REAL/Complex mode are independent from each other. For example, you can enter a program in the Real mode and then execute it in Complex mode and vice versa.

The Run mode is described below; the PRGM mode is described in the Programs section.

◀ Operation ▲ Top

Run Mode

Reverse Polish Notation

Like all HP calculators of its time, the HP-15C uses Reverse Polish Notation (RPN). In the widely used Infix Notation, terms are written in the form "13 + 29", whereas in RPN this term reads "13 29 +". RPN is a so-called postfix notation: Operators, here "+", do not stand not between the operands, but after them. For the HP-15C, this means that you enter the digits of the first operand and hit the ENTER key, which pushes the input to Y-register (see below), then enter the digits of the second operand and select the operation. The operation will act on the numbers in the X and the Y register.

The Stack

The stack of the HP-15C consists of four registers, named X, Y, Z and T. The display always shows the contents of the X register. A fifth register LSTx (last X) stores the last operand used in an operation. This can be useful if you want to do consecutive operations with the same parameter.

When you key in a number, it is stored in the X register. Functions that require only one parameter, like square root or the exponential function, take the value in the X register, compute the result and write it to the X register. When you press ENTER, the stack content is pushed up, that is, the number in register X is copied to Y, that in Y is moved to Z, and that in Z is moved to T. The number previously stored in T is discarded.

Operations that require two operands take the values in the Y and X registers, remove them from the stack and write the computed result to the X register. The other registers are `popped´; that is, their contents are moved down one register. The value formerly in Z is moved to Y, and the value in T is copied to Z (thus leaving the same value in both Z and T).

Let us, for example, take the operation "6 × 7", which is keyed in as 6 ENTER 7 ×. The following figure shows the effect on the stack as the keys are pressed (Register Z is already loaded with a value from a previous operation):

6 ENTER 7 ×
T  0.00  1.11  1.11  1.11
Z  1.11  0.00  0.00  1.11
Y  0.00  6.00  6.00  0.00
X  6  6.00  7  42.00
LSTx  0.00  0.00  0.00  7.00

Please see the HP-15C Owner's Handbook for a complete description of data entry and the stack.

◀ Run mode ▲ Top

Complex Mode

The Imaginary Stack

Operations with complex numbers use a second stack, the so-called imaginary stack. This stack holds the imaginary part of complex numbers, while the real parts are stored in the normal real stack. Like the real stack, the imaginary stack has the four registers X, Y, Z and T, plus the LSTx register. The imaginary stack is created automatically when you enter Complex mode and it is destroyed when you leave it.

Complex mode is switched on by one of the following functions:

HP-15C key Purpose
f I Creates a complex number from the values in the X and Y register of the real stack.
f Re↔Im Exchanges the real and the imaginary part of a complex number.
g SF 8 Sets flag 8, the COMPLEX flag.

Flag 8 indicates whether Complex mode is on. The only way to switched off Complex mode is to clear flag 8 (g CF 8). The letter "C" in the display status line indicates that the HP-15C is in Complex mode:

complex_1.gif 310x70

Entering Complex Numbers

To enter a complex number, enter the real part of the number in the Y register and the imaginary part in the X register. To create the complex number click f I to create the imaginary stack. The number in the real X register is then moved to the imaginary X register and the real stack is popped. The number previously in the real Y register now is in the real X register. Thus, the complex number is stored in the two X registers, the real and the imaginary one.

The following example shows how to enter the complex number 6+7i and the effect on the real and imaginary stack. The real stack already contains results from previous calculations:

6 ENTER 7 f I
T  0    1    1    1  0
Z  1    0    0    1  0
Y  0    6    6    0  0
X  6    6    7    6  7
LSTx -5   -5   -5   -5  0

As you can see from this example, the imaginary stack does not exist until you press f I. Registers in the imaginary stack not yet used are initialised with 0.

We will now add the complex number 2+3i to that in the X register. The second number is keyed-in in exactly the same way as the first one:

2 ENTER 3 f I +
T  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
Z  0  0  6  7  6  7  0  0  0  0
Y  6  7  2  0  2  0  6  7  0  0
X  2  0  2  0  3  0  2  3  8  10
LSTx -5  0 -5  0 -5  0 -5  0  2  3

Please note that when you press ENTER both stacks are pushed up.

Supported Functions

The following functions make use of the imaginary stack:

All other functions ignore the imaginary stack.

◀ Complex mode ▲ Top

Preferences

The Preferences dialogue box allows you to change the simulator parameters. It can be found in the ON pop-up menu: AltO Preferences…

Pressing OK or Apply will activate the new settings for the current session. The settings are not saved to disk, and therefore not made persistent, until you save the current session. If you have unchecked Save on exit (see below) you must save the current session manually by pressing CtrlM.

The following items can be set in the dialogue box. Default values are used if no memory file is found at start-up.

Simulator Settings


System Settings


File Settings

HP-15C Programs

HTML Files


Font Settings


Help File Browser

This setting allows you to set the browser used to display the online help.

When you run the Simulator for the first time, or if no browser is set, the Simulator checks for available browsers in all directories given by the "PATH" environment variable. If available, the operating system's default method to open a Web page is added at the top of the browser list. This results in the following list of possible browsers per operating system:

Platform Browser list
UNIX/Linux firefox chrome mozilla opera konquerer
Mac OS open firefox safari chrome opera
Windows start firefox safari chrome mozilla opera iexplore hh

Remarks:

All browsers found will be listed, and the first from the list will be set as the help file browser. You can choose another browser from the list or select one using the Browse… button

◀ Preferences ▲ Top

Differences

This section describes the differences between the real HP-15C and the Simulator.

◀ Differences ▲ Top

Programs ▶